Poison proof your home and any home your child visits.
- Keep all medicines, vitamins, household products and other dangerous substances out of the sight and reach of children. Children can climb and reach anything, anywhere so keep poisons locked in a cabinet. You can purchase safety locks at your drug store or child-specialty stores.
- Use child-resistant containers (CRCs) when possible. CRSs are not child proof but designed as a delay mechanism. Remember to keep caps on tightly at all times and store in locked cabinets.
- Keep products in their original containers. Do not store poisonous products in food or drink containers. Itís easy to mistake a poison for something good to eat or drink.
- Never store a poison in an unlabeled container.
- Put poisonous plants out of reach of children and pets.
Properly use medicine and household products
- Read and follow directions and caution labels on all medicine and household chemicals.
- When using medicine, make sure you know the amount, when to take/give it and how to take/give it. Talk to your doctor or pharmacist if you have questions.
- Take only medicines that are prescribed to you.
Know the names of your indoor and outdoor plants. You can take the plant to a plant store or nursery for positive identification.
Teach your children to never touch or put anything in their mouth unless they ask an adult first.
Excerpted from "Childproofing your home before baby crawls" by Armin Brott
Once your baby realizes that he's able to move around by himself, his
mission in life will be to locate -- and race you to -- the most
dangerous, life-threatening things in your home. So if you haven't
already begun the never-ending process of child-proofing your house,
better start now.
The first thing to do is get down on your hands and knees and check
things out from your baby's perspective.
Taking care of those pesky wires and covering up your outlets is only
the beginning, so start with the basics:
Anywhere and everywhere:
- Move anything valuable out of the baby's reach.
- Bolt to the wall bookshelves and other free-standing cabinets (this
goes double if you live in earthquake country); pulling things down on
top of themselves is a favorite baby move.
- Don't hang heavy things on the stroller -- it can tip over.
- Get special guards for your radiators and move your space heaters and
electric fans off the floor.
- Install a safety gate at the bottom and top of every stairway.
- Adjust your water heater temperature to 120 degrees F. This will reduce
the likelihood that your baby will scald himself.
- Get a fire extinguisher and put smoke alarms in every bedroom.
In the kitchen:
- Install safety locks on all but one of your low cabinets and drawers.
Most of these locks allow the door to be opened slightly -- just enough
to accommodate a baby's fingers -- so make sure the kind you get also
keep the door from closing completely as well.
- Stock the one unlocked cabinet with unbreakable pots and pans and
encourage your baby to jump right in.
- Keep baby's high chairs away from the walls. His strong little legs can
push off and knock the chair over.
- Watch out for irons and ironing boards. The cords are a hazard and the
boards themselves are easy to knock over.
- Get an oven lock and covers for your oven and stove knobs.
- Use the back burners on the stove whenever possible and keep the
handles turned toward the back of the stove.
- Never hold your baby while you're cooking. Teaching him what steam is
or how water boils may seem like a good idea, but bubbling spaghetti
sauce or hot oil hurts when it splashes.
- Put mouse and insect traps in places where your baby can't get to
- Use plastic dishes and serving bowls whenever you can -- glass breaks
and, at least in my house, the shards seem to show up for weeks, no
matter how well I sweep.
- Post the phone numbers of the nearest poison control agency and your
pediatrician near your phone.
In the living room:
- Put decals -- at baby height -- on any sliding glass doors.
- Get your plants off the floor: over 700 species can cause illness or
death if eaten, including such common ones as lily of the valley, iris,
- Pad the corners of low tables, chairs, fireplace hearths.
- Make sure your fireplace screen and tools can't be pulled over.
- Keep furniture away from windows. Babies will climb up whatever they
can and may fall through the glass.
In the bedroom/nursery:
- No homemade or antique cribs. They probably don't conform to today's
- Remove from the crib all mobiles and hanging toys. By five months, most
kids can push themselves up on their hands and knees and can get tangled
up (and even choke on) strings.
- Keep the crib at least two feet away from blinds, drapes, hanging
cords, or wall decorations with ribbons
- Check toys for missing parts.
- Toy chest lids should stay up when opened (so they doesn't slam down on
- Don't leave dresser drawers open. From the baby's perspective, they
look an awful lot like stairs.
- Keep crib items to a minimum: a sheet, a blanket, bumpers, and a few
soft toys. Babies don't need pillows at this age and large toys or
stuffed animals can be climbed on and used to escape the crib.
- Don't leave your baby unattended on the changing table even for a
In the bathroom:
- If possible, use a gate to keep access restricted to the adults in the
- Install a toilet guard.
- Keep bath and shower doors closed
- Never leave water standing in the bath, a sink, or even a bucket.
Drowning is the third most common cause of accidental deaths of young
children, and babies can drown in practically no water at all.
- Keep medication and cosmetics high up.
- Make sure there's nothing your baby can climb up on to raid the
- Keep shavers and hair dryers unplugged and out of reach.
- No electrical appliances near bathtub.
- Use a bath mat or stick-on safety strips to reduce the risk of slipping
in the bathtub.